BASF, a German chemical firm and also the largest chemical manufacturer in the world, has introduced the world to latest innovations to deal with the challenges of producing environment friendly chemicals. The firm’s new strategy commitments include CO2-neutral growth and environment protection. The aim is to accomplish these things by 2030 and for that BASF on a constant basis is adopting and improving current processes in an ever-changing world that has many challenges.
Furthermore, BASF also plans to use renewable energy sources in place of fossil fuels and less outflow of manufacturing methods and including this in a Program of Carbon Management.
Hence, at the Research Press Conference, held in Ludwigshafen, Germany, the firm has disclosed its new study outcomes on the said processes along with some latest, innovative, and environment-friendly products.
Chemical reactions need energy and it is a well-known fact in the chemical industry, fossil fuels are the main source of CO2. Steam crackers, for instance need 850 degrees Celsius temperature to split naphtha into aromatics and olefins. However, it this energy was emitted from renewable power, CO2 emissions can be decreased by almost 90%.
Chief Technology Officer and Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors of BASF SE, Dr. Martin Brudermüller stated that in order to hit the climate protection targets, massive reduction in CO2 outflows will be required. CO2 when used as a basic material is only applicable in chosen applications, that’s why these usages will not contribute to slowing environment change.
In the last few years and under various societal demands, BASF could successfully ignore CO2 emissions by optimizing its manufacturing methods and competence. Since 1990, BASF could decrease the emissions of its greenhouse gas by 50% and also doubled its manufacturing volumes.
Brudermüller further added that to reduce CO2 emissions considerably, new technologies will be required and that’s why the firm has started Research and Development program. Currently, the aim of BASF is that in the next five years they want to produce 1st electrical heating concept for steam crackers. But, materials testing will be done to find out which metallic materials can tolerate the high electrical currents and which materials are suitable for using in high-temperature reactors.
Additionally, producing hydrogen also emits good amount of CO2. The industry utilizes huge amount of hydrogen as a catalyst. For example, at BASF, hydrogen is used in ammonia synthesis. Hydrogen is also important for several sustainable energy carrier and storage applications. Hence, by collaborating with its partners, BASF is coming up with a latest process technology to develop hydrogen from natural gas.
The developing technology will help to bifurcate natural gas into carbon and hydrogen components, the solid carbon reminants can be utilized in aluminum or steel.